V-Line General System Information

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Key Steps for a Successful Installation

  1. Understand the various elements of the system.
  2. Plan the installation, work schedule, layout, and material usage.
  3. Ensure everyone working has read the installation guidelines.
  4. Execute work in the sequence set forth in the installation guidelines.
  5. Protection should be worn at all times; gloves, ear protection, safety glasses and hard hat.
  6. Protect the product by storing the material in a dry and clean environment.
  7. Ensure proper fit of the system.


Planning and Preparation

Installation is extremely simple and enables the configuration to be tailored on site. The V-line planks are placed between a perimeter of extruded AL13 frame components, and held in place with system clips.

AL13™ V-line prices start around $10-12 per square foot depending on the design. When doing takeoffs from a set of architectural plans, AL13™ recommends color coding the different Frame components to determine order quantity.

All AL13™ extruded frame components come in 12’ lengths (3660mm). Every quantity of extruded frame components may be measured in lineal feet. It is recommended to order at least 5-10% overages on your piece count to accommodate miscuts or damage as a safety buffer.

The V-Line plank come in 12’ lengths (3660mm). V-line plank may be calculated in ft2. Each 4” wide by 12’ plank is the equivalent of 4 ft2. It is recommended to order 10-15% in overages on your total area accommodate miscuts or damage that may occur on site. Pieces may be butt together, but it is never recommended to butt more than 2 pieces of V-line plank together without having a vertical break

When calculating the required quantity it is important to calculate quantity by the square footage as well as plank utilization . Any installation varying from the original plan may affect quantities and cause material shortages. Make sure to plan for optimum utilization of the plank.

Pre-Installation: Receiving Materials

When materials arrive on site, ensure that all planks, extrusions and other component packaging are in good condition and free of any defects.

  • Shipping or packaging issues should be noted on the waybill and then reported to the distributor.
  • Should any products be damaged, the receiving party is responsible for filing a freight claim to the shipping company within 24 hours of receiving product.
  • Defective materials should be reported to the distributor from which the product was dispatched from.
  • AL13’s V-Line System are shipped on pallets with all components boxed and strapped on top. The boxes are secured in place with metal strapping and wood sheeting. The V-line system should be kept in their original packaging or similar and moved by a forklift or pallet jack. Once a pallet is unwrapped and binding straps are cut, The V-line system may be moved by individual boxes. Store all materials in a clean and dry environment, both before and after materials are unpacked.

Key Steps for a Successful Installation

  1. Understand the various elements of the system.
  2. Plan the installation, work schedule, layout, and material usage.
  3. Ensure everyone working has read the installation guidelines.
  4. Execute work in the sequence set forth in the installation guidelines.
  5. Protection should be worn at all times; gloves, ear protection, safety glasses and hard hat.
  6. Protect the product by storing the material in a dry and clean environment.
  7. Ensure proper fit of the system.


Planning and Preparation

Installation is extremely simple and enables the configuration to be tailored on site. The V-line planks are placed between a perimeter of extruded AL13 frame components, and held in place with system clips.

AL13™ V-line prices start around $10-12 per square foot depending on the design. When doing takeoffs from a set of architectural plans, AL13™ recommends color coding the different Frame components to determine order quantity.

All AL13™ extruded frame components come in 12’ lengths (3660mm) lengths. Every quantity of extruded frame components may be measured in lineal feet. It is recommended to order at least 5-10% overages on your piece count to accommodate miscuts or damage as a safety buffer.

The V-Line plank come in 12’ lengths (3660mm) V-line plank may be calculated in ft2. Each 4” wide by 12’ plank is the equivalent of 4 ft2. It is recommended to order 10-15% in overages on your total area accommodate miscuts or damage that may occur on site. Pieces may be butt together, but it is never recommended to butt more than 2 pieces of V-line plank together without having a vertical break

When calculating the required quantity it is important to calculate quantity by the square footage as well as plank utilization . Any installation varying from the original plan may affect quantities and cause material shortages. Make sure to plan for optimum utilization of the plank.

Pre-Installation: Receiving Materials

When materials arrive on site, ensure that all planks, extrusions and other component packaging are in good condition and free of any defects.

  • Shipping or packaging issues should be noted on the waybill and then reported to the distributor.
  • Should any products be damaged, the receiving party is responsible for filing a freight claim to the shipping company within 24 hours of receiving product.
  • Defective materials should be reported to the distributor from which the product was dispatched from.
  • AL13’s V-Line System are shipped on pallets with all components boxed and strapped on top. The boxes are secured in place with metal strapping and wood sheeting. The V-line system should be kept in their original packaging or similar and moved by a forklift or pallet jack. Once a pallet is unwrapped and binding straps are cut, The V-line system may be moved by individual boxes. Store all materials in a clean and dry environment, both before and after materials are unpacked.

Product Legend

The installation guide will discuss various components of the system and use component reference blocks. Please refer to the following to verify the correct component.

V-line end frame.png End Frame: Only Installed in a perpendicular orientation to the V-line plank. As the V-line system is a rain screen, an End Frame may never be used as starter strip. It may be used to butt up to the frames of windows, doors or any other protrusions and recesses in the wall surfaces as long as it is perpendicular to the V-line plank. To accommodate vertical corners greater or less than 90°, two end frames should be used butting edge to edge.
V-line inside corner.png Inside Corner Frame: Generally installed in a vertical orientation or vertical to horizontal soffit transitions. May be installed in the same sequence and manner as the Vertical End Frame.
V-line outside corner.png Outside Corner Frame: Generally installed in a vertical orientation and is used to transition the wall system across a 90° outside corner. May be installed in the same sequence and manner as the Vertical End Frame.
V-line flat cap assembly.png Flat Cap Assembly: Installed horizontally & vertically. The back plate is to be used as the starter row segmented in 3.2” sections and installed every 16”. The top cap should be engaged using a flat cap SLED. Impact should only occur where the back place is present. All top cap butt joints MUST occur where a back plate is present. The Back Plate may be installed in a solid piece if it is run vertically. Vertical breaks are required at a maximum of every 24’ to allow for contraction and expansion
V-line perimeter flat cap assembly.png Perimeter Flat Cap Assembly: Installed both horizontally & vertically to terminate the system. May be used as an alternate to the End Frame if desired. May be used to butt up to the horizontal or vertical frames of windows, doors or any other protrusions and recesses in the wall surface. The back plate is to be used as the starter row when being used at the top of doors, windows, or wall protrusions. The back plate should be segmented in 3.2” sections and installed every 16”. The top cap should be engaged using a flat cap SLED. Impact should only occur where the back place is present. All top cap butt joints MUST occur where a back plate is present. The Back Plate may be installed in a solid piece if it is run vertically.
V-line reveal cap assembly.png Reveal Cap Assembly: Installed horizontally & vertically. The back plate is to be used as the starter row segmented in 3.2” sections and installed every 16”. The top cap should be engaged using a flat cap SLED. Impact should only occur where the back place is present. All top cap butt joints MUST occur where a back plate is present. The Back Plate may be installed in a solid piece if it is run vertically. Vertical breaks are required at a maximum of every 24’ to allow for contraction and expansion
V-line perimeter reveal cap assembly.png Perimeter Reveal Cap Assembly: Installed both horizontally & vertically to terminate the system. May be used as an alternate to the End Frame if desired. May be used to butt up to the horizontal or vertical frames of windows, doors or any other protrusions and recesses in the wall surface. The back plate is to be used as the starter row when being used at the top of doors, windows, or wall protrusions. The back plate should be segmented in 3.2” sections and installed every 16”. The top cap should be engaged using a flat cap SLED. Impact should only occur where the back place is present. All top cap butt joints MUST occur where a back plate is present. The Back Plate may be installed in a solid piece if it is run vertically.
V-line system clip.png System Clip: Installed on the tongue side of every AL13 V-line Plank. A minimum of one system clip per plank is required regardless of size and a max spacing of 32”
V-line plank.png V-Line Plank: A tongue and groove solid aluminum plank which creates the body of the entire field to be cladded. Plank may be installed in vertical, horizontal or at an angle, as long as the longest distance between system clips is 32”. V-line plank may only be butt jointed once before installing a vertical break. As the plank comes in 12’ sections, the maximum span for V-line plank is 36’. If a staggered seam butt joint between planks is desired, the total span the V-line can accomplish before a vertical break will be less then 24’, depending on the desired staggered pattern. At all butt joints, a V-line plank is required to share one system clip. An Al13 fastener must be attached through both planks, into the substrate, as close to the clip as possible. This will ensure the butted seam stays tight. And all expansion and contraction happens from the butt joint outwards.
V-line fastener.png AL13™ Fasteners: To be exclusively used on the entire AL13™ V-line system. One fastener is required through each System Clip to a secure attachment point. On frame components, a minimum of two fasteners are required per frame component, with a maximum spacing between fasteners of 24”. See fastener specification table found in AL13™ binder to be used as a guide.

Tools

AL13™ always recommend the use of all PPE including but not limited– Eye protection, Ear protection, Hi-vis vest, hard hat and gloves. AL13™ is made to be installed with general tools, a recommended tool list is as follows:

  • Compound mitre saw with non-ferrous blade
  • Table saw with non-ferrous blade
  • Cordless electric impact with 5/16” magnetic hex bit
  • Cordless electric drill
  • Drill bit set
  • Jigsaw
  • File (for de-burring V-line planks)
  • Tape Measure
  • Pencils or fine tip marker
  • Level
  • Chalk line
  • Utility knife
  • AL13™ SLED tool (Flat cap & reveal cap)
  • Rubber mallet
  • Aviation snips

V-line Layout

It is important to commence work with good construction practice and schedule work with other trades to avoid delays. Once installation begins it should not be delayed for any length of time as damage may occur to the system, substrate or both due to exposure to the elements. The architectural plans/elevations should be reviewed to determine the appropriate layout for the system. Should no such plans be available, measure the area of the V-line Plank. Add the required lineal footage of all required extruded frame components. A good layout will display a pattern that will maximize V-Line plank length and minimize butted joints.

Material Usage

Once the layout has been determined, double check that there is an adequate amount of materials present for the application at hand. Since estimation takeoffs and quantities are based on area and lineal footage, any installation varying from the original plan may affect quantities and cause material shortages. When calculating material usage, note that vertical extrusions - in most cases - will carry through continuously, while the horizontals tuck and terminate under the tabs of the verticals.

Soffits & Other Areas

AL13™ V-LINE may be used in soffit locations with all 6 woodgrain options. Perforated soffit ventilation material is available by special request. AL13™ V-LINE may also be installed on areas that aren't soffit or wall cladding. Please ensure that clients understand that AL13™ V- LINE is a flow through rain-screen system that does allow moisture to enter, and exit. Although it is extremely moisture resistant, it isn’t water proof.

Fixtures and Signage

AL13™ may be cut to allow for electrical boxes, hose bibs, lighting, or other fixtures, (same as every other cladding system). Signage and other large/heavy items will always have to mount directly to the substrate and use spacers /dowels to offset the mechanical fasteners.

Planning & Preparing Substrate

Before any installation is to commence, the building wrap/envelope must be complete to spec before anything goes on the wall. Once installation begins it must not be delayed for any length of time as damage may occur to the system, substrate or both due to exposure to the elements. The panel frame assembly utilizes the snap lock technology and requires an impact to engage the two components. Ensure that the substrate is solid enough to sustain this impact.

  • If on sheeting, a minimum of 7/16” (13mm) ply or OSB is required.
  • When attaching AL13™ to metal girt or hat, sections are required to be made of minimum 18 gauge galvanized steel with a minimum of a 3" (76 mm) fastening tab.
  • If attaching over rigid insulation, girt, or hat section may be spaced maximum every 24 inches (61 mm) on center for all extruded frame components.

Quick Install Guide/Tips

  • The vertical perimeter extrusions are normally the first extrusions to be fixed to the wall.
If one length of the extruded frame components is not long enough to span the distance required, it is necessary to use a second piece and butt the two together. Take care in aligning butt joints so that they are flush. Shim as needed. At all butt joints, a V-line plank is required to share one system clip
  • Verticals may be added in solid sections whereas horizontal baseline extrusions must be segmented to 3.2” pieces spaced every 16” in a horizontal application. This allows water to flow through the system.
  • The Horizontal Top extrusion will be added next.
  • Horizontal extrusions including the V-line Plank are to be tucked behind vertical extrusions by a min of ¼”. This promotes the best aesthetics
  • Segmented back plates must be perfectly aligned to ensure the appearance of a straight and plumb top cap.
  • All back frame components are to be cut a minimum of 3” (76 mm) short of intersections to allow for appropriate distance required to tuck top caps behind to tuck tabs.
  • At the intersection of two extruded frame components, the horizontal frame shall sit under the tab of the vertical Frame.
  • Back plates, Inside and Outside Corners have two fastening tabs. Minimum fastener specifications are required to be met on both tabs.
  • A minimum of two fasteners per component is required.
  • One fastener per system clip with exception of the top or final row.
  • Maximum fastener spacing of all extruded frame components is 24” per fastening tab.
  • The V-line Plank may need to be cut down if a smaller size from the standard 4” x 12’ is required. This may be done using a standard table saw, or compound mitre saw with non- ferrous metal blade. Ensure cuts are straight and clean.
  • An appropriate cut V-line Plank will have approximate a 1/8” gap on all sides between the frame components to allow for thermal expansion and contraction.
  • The horizontal top caps are to be cut to the appropriate length. They are to be hammered into place with a rubber mallet and AL13™ SLED. Impact should only occur where a back plate is present to avoid deformation of the top cap. Similar to the planks, top caps are to be sized with at least a 1/8” gap on either side to allow for thermal expansion and contraction.
  • Vertical top caps will be the last to be installed ensuring the top and bottom are tucked behind the extruded frame assemblies.
  • If any extruded frame component is greater than the 8' length, It will be required to butt to its equal. It is imperative that all butt joints occur straight, flush and tight. Shimming may be required. Once all extrusions

Fit & Finish

  • All V-line planks are to be completely surrounded by extruded frame components by at least half the distance of the tab. (1/4”)
  • V-line Planks are to be tight to the extruded frame components.
  • A properly installed V-Line Planks will not move or chatter in the wind
  • Gaps, with exception of where the a component tucks behind another, is a sign of an improperly fitting v-line Planks or an uneven substrate. Shim as need to keep these to a minimum.
  • There should be no visible fasteners.

Substrate/Engineering Recommendations

AL13™ doesn't get involved with specifying/reviewing building envelope, the responsibility of this lies with the project envelope engineer and/or architect. The reason being that each country, province, city, and region will all do things vastly different - even different inspectors will interpret the code differently. Envelope specifications vary even from architect-to-architect and engineer-to-engineer within the same region, it would be impossible for AL13™ to state a one-solution-fits-all approach, or get involved with this to any measured

Installation Applications

The first part of the installation guide will outline a basic install on a flat wall as illustrated below in its completed form. The subsequent drawings section will outline more intricate details like inside corners, outside corners, windows, doors, overhangs and build-outs. AL13’s V- line is a product that may be installed a horizontal or vertical orientation.

The building wrap/envelope must be complete to spec before anything goes on the wall.

The first step of installing v-line system is to create a perimeter around the area it is to be installed. The most commonly used component to do this with is our Perimeter Flat cap assembly, End frame. (Perimeter reveal assembly may also be used if that is the desired aesthetic). In addition, Inside and Outside corner frames may be used vertically for transitions 90 degree corners. It is recommended to install all the verticals frame components, as well as the top of the wall first.

The horizontal bottom most part of the wall will be done last. Its method of install will vary from the vertical components as the back plate of the assembly will need to be segmented to keep the rain screen throughout the system. To function as a rain screen you need to follow the 20/80 rule. At any cross section only 20% of the horizontal plane may have and extrusion attached, where and 80% of the horizontal cross section need to be open. To make it easy precut all back plate components at 3.25” and install them at every 16”. In wood frame construction, hitting a stud is not required. In metal framing conditions it will be required to hit a stud. If steel stud spacing is 24” then the back plate segment would be cut longer at 4.75” segments to follow the 20/80 rule.

In vertical applications, the clips are to be added every plank. Spacing considerations are not required as every clip to v-line plank is designed to follow the 20/80 ratio automatically.

If required, A perforated starter strip or bug screen should be installed prior to the installation of the segmented back plate sections. It may assist in installation ensuring your back plate segments are in a perfectly straight line.

Once segmented row of back plates has been added to the horizontal bottom most part of the perimeter, the flat top cap should be snapped into place using an AL13 SLED with a rubber mallet. It is only necessary to engage flat cap where the back plate is present. Impacting the flat cap in the voids, between back plates, may cause deformation to the top cap.

Once the flat cap assembly has been fully engaged and the sides and top have been framed- in to complete the entire perimeter V-line plank is ready to be installed.

When the bottom row exceeds 12’ in length it will be required to butt one or more top caps together. It is imperative that all butt joints occur at the location of a back plate to ensure appropriate fit and finish and required structural properties.

In horizontal applications:

The direction of work flow in horizontal applications will be from the bottom up.

The v-line board is to be cut to fit between the vertical frame components. A properly cut to fit plank should have A 1/8” gap from each vertical either side should be allowing for contraction and expansion.

It is essential the first row of v-line be tucked behind the tab of the frame components so that the fastening tongue is pointed upwards and the groove is pointing downwards. The t-tab on the back of the v-line plank should firmly rest on the feet of the segmented back plate extrusions.


Once the v-line plank has been fitted and leveled to an even plane. It will be secured by attaching a AL13 system clip to the upwards pointing tongue. The narrow face of the clip should be pointing away from the wall. Make sure the clip is fully inserted before adding fastener to the through hole. The function of the clip is to secure the plank in place while spacing it from the wall. The fastener will not penetrate the v-line plank itself. This will allow each v-line plank contract and expand through the full temperature spectrum.

A clip and fastener are to be attached to each v-line plank once every 32”. Wood frame application it is not required to hit a stud. Steel frame construction the clips are required to hit a stud. If stud spacing is 24” then a clip will be required at each stud location.

Each v-line plank requires a minimum of one clip per plank

The maximum consecutive run of v-line will be 24’ without a vertical brake. (flat cap, or reveal cap assembly) If the required v-line length exceeds 12' butt jointing two planks together will be required.

A single clip is to be used at the seam of the butt joint to ensure a precision fit. As we still need to account for contraction and expansion yet require a tight butt seam. The v line planks must have ¼” gap at each side of the vertical break.

The final or top row to be installed will require the V-Line plank to be ripped down by a table saw to its appropriate dimension. Due to this, the top rows installation will vary from the regular installation The top row will not be fastened with a system clip. The top row will be held in place by securely engaging the perimeter flat cap or reveal cap. A system clip may still be used on the back plate assembly, but it functions as a spacer only.

In vertical applications:

The direction of work flow in vertical applications will be from left to right, or right to left.

The v-line board is to be cut to fit between the horizontal frame. A properly cut to fit plank should have a 1/8” gap from each horizontal side should bet to allow for contraction and expansion.

It is essential the first row of v-line be tucked behind the tab of the vertical running frame components components so that the fastening tongue is pointed outwards and the groove is pointing inwards. The t-tab on the back of the v-line plank should firmly rest on the foot of the vertical running frame components.

Once the v-line plank has been fitted and leveled to a vertical plane. It will be secured by attaching a AL13 system clip to the outwards pointing tongue. The narrow face of the clip should be pointing away from the wall. Make sure the clip is fully inserted before adding fastener to the through-hole. The function of the clip is to secure the plank in place while spacing it from the wall creating the rain screen. The fastener will not penetrate the v-line plank itself. This will allow each v-line plank contract and expand through the full temperature spectrum.

A system clip and fastener are to be attached to each v-line plank vertically every 32”

In Wood frame applications it is not required to hit a stud.

Steel frame construction should require the fastener to hit a stud. This is not possible as studs are spaced every 16”-24”. To accommodate this, strapping will need to be fastened horizontally at 32” max spacing on center. Strapping is to be 4” wide galvanized 18 ga. Steel.

The maximum consecutive run of v-line will be 24’ without a vertical brake. (flat cap, or reveal cap assembly) If the required v-line length exceeds 12' butt jointing two planks together will be required.

A single clip is to be used at the seam of the butt joint to ensure a precision fit. As we still need to account for contraction and expansion yet require a tight butt seam. The v-line planks must have ¼” gap at each side of the vertical break.

The final or top row to be installed will require the v-line plank to be ripped down by a table saw to its appropriate dimension. Due to this, the top rows installation will vary from the regular installation The top row will not be fastened with a system clip. The top row will be held in place by securely engaging the perimeter flat cap or reveal cap. A system clip may still be used on the back plate assembly, but it functions as a spacer only.

Wood frame sheathing is an ideal substrate to install the AL13™ system upon. When designing for the system to be installed on a sheathed substrate, the following points are recommended:

Fasteners

AL13™ GENERAL INSTALLATION SPECIFICATIONS: For sheathed wood frame, AL13™ installs directly on building wrap. The mechanical fasteners anchor into building sheathing and studs where available.

AL13™ FRAME COMPONENTS: System frame components are installed with mechanical fasteners, with a minimum of 2 fasteners per piece. See fastener specs for more details.

AL13™ V-Line Planks: V-line planks are fastened by adding a system clip every 32”. A through fastener is added every system clip. No traditional mechanical fasteners are required through the plank itself, with the exception for a butt joint seam.

AL13™ System Clip: Is a E84 Class 1 FRP that is cut into 4” pieces. One system clip is required every 32.” A minimum of one system clip is required per V-line Plank.

Fastener layout will vary by project depending on the location and the subsequent wind loading for that region. The Canadian National Building Code specifies wind pressure design loads to be determined from statistically averaged wind speeds from across the country over a number of years. The wind load used for design is an hourly wind speed that has a chance of 1 in 50 of being exceeded in any given year plus a factor to take into account for structure height. The chart below depicts the hourly wind pressures in major centers in Canada. (1 in 50):

WO-34.jpg

The structural design values must be determined by following procedures outlined by the local building code. The pressure values listed in the table above (for reference only) are then modified based on local topographical conditions, building construction, and building height (having the greatest effect on wind pressure).

This table is to be used as a guideline only, and not for engineering purposes. Each project is unique and warrants a review of local building codes and/or hiring of an engineering consultant firm.

When using the AL13™ specified fasteners, care must be taken to install as per the manufacturer’s recommendations to achieve the desired strength. All wood fasteners must fully penetrate the sheathing, with the point of the screw not included.

AL13™ recommends the use of AL13™ #12 Tredecim-coated mini drill-point fasteners with EPDM washers. Refer to the fastener table for center-to-center spacing

The fastener spacing table refers to the distance between fasteners on the same flange. For frame components with two flanges (inside corner frame, outside corner frame, and main panel frame assembly) the fastener layout is applied to each flange separately, and it is important to stagger the fastener layout.